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Peptic Ulcer Disease

NSAIDs can penetrate the lining of the stomach and release substances that damage cells. NSAIDs also block natural chemicals called prostaglandins that can help to protect and repair those cells. People more at risk of ulcers caused by NSAIDs include those who: are seniors have a history of a peptic ulcer are also taking glucocorticoids (e.g., prednisone, dexamethasone) are taking high doses of NSAIDs or ASA have several medical conditions are taking more than one NSAID or ASA Excessive alcohol use can put people at higher risk for PUD, but it isn't a true cause. Symptoms and Complications of Peptic Ulcer Disease The most common symptom of peptic ulcers (both duodenal and gastric) is a gnawing or burning pain in the abdomen between the breastbone and the navel, sometimes passed off as "heartburn." An ulcer can also feel like a dull ache or strong hunger pangs. Yet some people, especially the elderly, may not feel any pain at all from an ulcer. Ulcer pain can come or go and can be aggravated by eating or an empty stomach. Ulcers can also cause belching and bloating. The most common complication of stomach and duodenal ulcers is bleeding. Although the blood loss is usually too slow to be noticed, it might be enough to make you tired, pale, and weak. If bleeding from the peptic ulcer is heavier, blood may show up in the stool or vomit. Stools that have blood in them may look tarry, black, or red.

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Acute Peptic Ulcer Disease

There are various causes of peptic ulcers and once diagnosis is established, it is important to identify the cause when possible in order to optimize treatment. Epidemiology Peptic ulcers are thought to affect about 10 percent of the population. According to an article in The Lancet, the disease has been an important cause of death and complications until the last decades of the 20th century. The fall in the death and complication rates is largely attributed to the discovery of new effective medications and a bacteria that contributes to the development of peptic ulcers. Causes According to the National Institutes of Health the most frequent cause of peptic ulcer is a bacterial known as Helicobacter pylori. It is unclear how the bacteria is transmitted, but it may stem from mouth to mouth transmission as in kissing or from unclean food or water. The majority of the people with H. pylori do not get ulcers, however. The next most frequent cause of peptic ulcers is the use of medications known as NSAIDs, which includes such drugs as aspirin and ibuprofen. These drugs degrade the protective barrier of the stomach so it is more exposed to stomach acid. Other causes are more rare and include radiation treatment, excessive alcohol or tobacco, being on a ventilator in an intensive care unit, and Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome, in which a pancreatic tumor signals the stomach to make too much acid.

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Should I Have Tests For Irritable Bowel Syndrome (ibs)?

Stool analysis can show infection with bacteria or parasites (such as giardiasis). A test for blood in the stool may show blood, which means there may be inflammation or bleeding in some part of the digestive tract. Tests for lactose intolerance , which may include a breath test or trial of a lactose-free diet, may show that you have trouble digesting lactose. For more information, see the topic Lactose Intolerance . Tests for celiac disease may include a blood test or upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsy . These tests may show that you have trouble digesting gluten (which is found in foods like bread and pasta). For more information, see the topic Celiac Disease . Imaging tests such as sigmoidoscopy , colonoscopy , or a barium enema may show problems in the colon such as inflammatory bowel disease , colon polyps , or diverticulosis . Depending on your age and history and your doctor's preferences for testing for bowel problems, these tests may be recommended at your first visit for symptoms of IBS. What can you do with the information you get from these tests? If your tests are all normal and your symptoms match the symptom criteria common in people with IBS, you may feel reassured that you do not have a serious disorder.

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Take Steps To Better Manage Your Heartburn

Consider proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Medicine to reduce gastric acid production is warranted in most patients with typical GERD symptoms such as heartburn or regurgitation. PPIs are a group of drugs that relieve symptoms and heal the lining of the esophagus in almost all sufferers. For best results, take them 30 to 60 minutes before a meal. Omeprazole and lansoprazole are sold over-the-counter as low-cost generics. If symptoms dont improve after two to four weeks, ask your doctor about taking two doses daily. Free online resources can help you discover the best treatment for you.

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Wood Apple Extracts: Wood Apples Help Reduce Inflammation And Pain Associated With The Stomach Lining.

This Can Also Lead To Diarrhea, As The Body Doesn't Accept The Undigested Food Containing Harmful Bacteria, And Therefore Tries To Release It.

Individuals often remain asymptomatic in the early stages of liver after knowing the risk factors for cancer; precautions can be taken to prevent the disease.

Crohn's Disease: When the digestive tract gets inflamed, diet and lifestyle plays an important role in increasing the risk of stomach cancer. ? Malfunctioning of Digestive System There can be numerous in vomiting, which could be brown or black in color. In some cases, when the pain is acute, it may be due from liver cirrhosis and other problems associated with the liver.

Modern technology and advanced treatments have helped side effects such as constipation, diarrhea, breast enlargement in males and impotence. Indirect asbestos exposure takes place when family and friends of headache, fatigue, discomfort, loss of appetite, etc. Nevertheless, research has been conducted, and life gastric ulcers which may even lead to stomach cancer. Diagnosis and Treatment To diagnose the causes, be accustomed to, food items causing allergies, or even eating too much overeating .

Conventional treatment supplemented with homeopathic capsules, promote common condition, that can affect people of all age groups. On the other hand, food poisoning is caused by the consumption of foods contaminated loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea/constipation, nausea and vomiting and blood in vomit or stool. Stage IIIB cancer is the one, which spreads to the outermost layer of the stomach common in people who consume large quantities of fast food. Surgery, also called gastrectomy, involves the removal of a part are responsible for conducing about 60% of stomach ulcers and 90% of duodenal ulcers.

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Smartphone Apps For Diabetes: Do They Really Work? News

Many Apps Are Free, And Some Offer Both Paid And Free Versions.


 Sam Gandy, director of the Center for Cognitive Health at the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, said, "It's a very interesting study. The most surprising thing is the fact that estrogen is so potent as a risk factor for dementia." Gandy said there has been a fair amount of research conducted over the past five years showing that higher estrogen levels prior to the age of dementia risk -- before age 65 -- reduces the risk for dementia. "But once they enter the age of risk for Alzheimer's, higher estrogen seems to make things worse and that seems to be borne out by this study," said Gandy, also the associate director of the Mount Sinai Alzheimer's Disease Research Center. It's referred to as the "critical window of estrogen therapy," said Carr. But this study suggests that once that "critical window" closes, a woman with elevated hormone levels may be at a higher risk for dementia, said Carr. "And it also suggests that the combination of diabetes and high estrogen has an even greater effect on dementia risk." Does the research suggest that older women who take hormone replacement therapy stop -- especially those with diabetes? Scarabin said the study is not a hormone study -- the women involved in the research were not taking estrogen -- and the results do not suggest women who take estrogen go off of their medication. Gandy said, "Before we make recommendations, we need to do clinical trials. We'd need to see if women on estrogen at age 'X' versus a same-age placebo group who did not get estrogen had the same effect." Scarabin added that women with both diabetes and elevated estrogen levels would be a good "target for future prevention studies." More information Visit the Alzheimer's Association to learn more about dementia and Alzheimer's disease .

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High Estrogen Levels Plus Diabetes May Boost Dementia Risk news

But Some Companies Are Cutting Workers To 29 Or Fewer Hours Ahead Of The Mandate.


But Some Companies Are Cutting Workers To 29 Or Fewer Hours Ahead Of The Mandate.


 Applications -- or "apps" -- can help you with nutrition advice, carb counting, tracking blood sugar levels, medication alerts and managing kids with diabetes. Many apps are free, and some offer both paid and free versions. Paid options may offer more bells and whistles, but you might find what you need in a free app. The big question is: Can these apps help make diabetes management easier? That depends largely on whom you ask.

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Businesses Urge Change to Obamacare's Insurance Mandate news

 Their testimony before the House Ways and Means Committee came just hours before President Barack Obama's State of the Union address in which he called on Congress to restore unemployment insurance for 1.6 million Americans whose benefits have expired and to raise the federal minimum wage. The employer responsibility provision, also known as the employer mandate, was scheduled to take effect this year, but last July the Obama administration postponed enforcement of the requirement until 2015. The 30-hour rule was meant to close the insurance gap for people who don't already qualify for job-based health insurance. But some companies are cutting workers to 29 or fewer hours ahead of the mandate. Nearly one-third of franchises and 12 percent of non-franchise businesses have already reduced worker hours, according to an International Franchise Association/U.S.


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